Requiring very little care while providing color and. Also used for hedgerows and living fences, although roots compete with adjacent crop. It can usually be distinguished from these species by its perpendicular size, but can also be separated by the following characteristics. Hosted by the usgs core science analytics and synthesis. Pennisetum purpureum ufifas center for aquatic and. Stems less fibrous, leaves larger, softer, less persistent hairs than on p. Genetic diversity in napier grass pennisetum purpureum. Attaching two sets, recorded at two places within 500 meter, the first set with maximum nos of pics inside a rejected compound of pwd office and the 2nd set in roadside ditch. Large image for pennisetum purpureum elephant grass usda. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Elephant grass, napier grass pennisetum purpureum napier grass is not native to florida.
It has spread by seed into natural areas from cultivated plant. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the. Reported as a weed in 19 crops in 25 countries, including the united states holm et al. Elephantgrass is also attacked by the following nematodes.
This study was conducted in the arid imperial valley of southern california to evaluate salt tolerance of elephant grass. A large image of pennisetum purpureum elephant grass from the usda plants database. It is the forage of choice not only in the tropics but also worldwide hanna et al. Stem elongation in pennisetum purpureum results from a. Fountain grass has become invasive in hawaii and the southern continental united states, australia, the canary. Provided by ars systematic botany and mycology laboratory.
Pennisetum setaceum rubrum purple fountain grass 2 foliage leaf arrangement. The atlas of florida plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Scout for mealy bugs and treat as needed, look carefully at the intersection of the leaf and the main stem because mealy bugs can hide in these areas. This grass is grown as a perennial in most of florida zones 9 through 10 but is an annual in cooler climates. Elephant grass pennisetum purpureum is regarded as an environmental weed in queensland, western australia and northeastern new south wales. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Napier grass was introduced to florida as a forage crop. General pest and disease practices as listed in notes. Green pigments in pennisetum purpureum varieties at different times of the year and with different regrowth ages r.
While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and uptodate information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are contained in. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency itis teams. Proceedings of the seventh conference on zoo and wildlife nutrition, aza nutrition advisory group, knoxville, tn. Large image for pennisetum purpureum elephant grass. In mid summer to early fall, the foliage is topped with slender feathery pinkish flowers plumes, up to 15 in. Even if youve already had a frost or two i certainly have. Two rows of bana grasses one purple and one green were planted along with a selection of 36 variations of sugarcane crosses. Pennisetum setaceum rubrum should be planted on a welldrained site that is exposed to full sun. Making a dramatic statement in the landscape, awardwinning pennisetum setaceum purple fountain grass is a showy ornamental grass forming a mound of gracefully, arching, narrow leaves. To create an idea board, sign in or create an account. Culms erect, moderately stout, branched, grooved on the side facing a branch, more than 3noded, densely pubescent towards the inflorescence and slightly pubescent below the nodes, the latter with a ring of dense white hairs, otherwise glabrous and smooth.
Plants profile for pennisetum purpureum elephant grass. Elephant grass weed identification brisbane city council. Aphelenchus avenae, meloidogyne incognita acrita, m. Culms erect, moderately stout, branched, grooved on the side facing a branch, more than 3noded, densely pubescent towards the inflorescence and slightly pubescent below the nodes, the latter with a ring of dense. For more multimedia, look at pennisetum purpureum on wikimedia commons. Pennisetum definition of pennisetum by the free dictionary. The record derives from wcsp which reports it as an accepted name record 432901 with original publication details. Performance, hematology and serum biochemistry of west african dwarf goats fed ensiled mixtures of elephant grass pennisetum purpureum with lima bean, african yam bean and pigeon pea ajayi festus tope1, ogunleke funmi2, adesina adewumi 3 and durotoye emmanuel sunday1 abstract.
It is also seen as a potential environmental weed or sleeper weed in other parts of australia. Pennisetum purpureum produces, with occasional exception little or no seed, bogdan, a. Pennisetum purpureum information from itis the integrated taxonomic information system itis provides authoritative taxonomic information on pennisetum purpureum, as well as other plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of north america and the world. Corrosion inhibition and adsorption characteristics of elephant grass extracts on mild steel in 1 m hcl solution were investigated. It is one of the highest yielding tropical grasses. The study was carried out at the alfredo volio mata experimental station of the university of costa rica located at 1542 masl, from july to october 2007. It has low water and nutrient requirements, and therefore can make use of otherwise uncultivated lands. Media in category pennisetum purpureumthe following 190 files are in this category, out of 190 total. Performance, hematology and serum biochemistry of west. Pennisetum purpureum an overview sciencedirect topics. Pennisetum a genus of old world grasses genus pennisetum liliopsid genus, monocot genus genus of flowering plants having a single cotyledon in.
Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about napiergrass, elephant grass pennisetum purpureum prince supplied by member gardeners in the plantfiles database at daves garden. Pennisetum purpureum wikipedia, a enciclopedia livre. The importance of napier grass pennisetum purpureum can be seen from the role it plays as the major livestock feed in smallholder dairy production systems in kenya. A study was conducted to investigate and evaluate the potential allelopathic effects of p. Corrosion inhibitory properties of elephant grass pennisetum. Digestibilidad y calidad del pennisetum purpureum cv. One of the most invasive weeds in papua new guinea warea orapa, nari, papua new guinea, communications to aliens listserver. Browse pictures and read growth cultivation information about ornamental millet, black leaf millet, pearl millet pennisetum purpureum vertigo. Mass loss, corrosion rate measurements, inhibition efficiency, atomic adsorption spectroscopy aas, ftir spectroscopy and scanning electron spectroscopic analysis were used to assess the inhibitory properties of the extract in the acid solution. However, salinity is a major concern for its production in the arid southwestern united states. Pennisetum purpureum, often commonly called napier grass, cane grass or elephant grass, is a tender perennial grass that is native to africa. Pennisetum purpureum scientific name pennisetum purpureum schumach.
This beautiful grass, with reddishpurple foliage and foxtailshaped flower spikes that dance in the slightest breeze, is a very popular summer garden and container plant. Pennisetum purpureum epa has issued a supplemental final rule for new qualifiying renewable fuel under the rfs. Pdf green pigments in pennisetum purpureum varieties at. Because of high population pressure farms are small, with an average holding size of 0. How to overwinter pennisetum setaceum rubrum laidback. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below. In east africa, napier grass pennisetum purpureum is a perennial grass grown widely as a fodder crop and feed for the cutandcarry zerograzing dairy systems and constitutes up to 80 % of forage for smallholder dairy farms staal et al. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the university of south florida and other herbaria.
There are still questions concerning its invasiveness. Penilaian potensi kesan alelopati pennisetum purpureum schumach. Assessment of the potential allelopathic effects of. Distinguished from other pennisetum species in florida by long leaf blades, sparsely plumose bristles, and minute or absent first glumes. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. In dense growth, prevents regeneration of native species cronk and fuller 1995. Find plants you love and create idea boards for all your projects. This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above.
It has spread by seed into natural areas from cultivated plants. Plants grow poorly in the partial shade unless the soil has been cleared of roots surrounding trees and shrubs. Ornamental millet, black leaf millet, pearl millet. I have been gardening for almost 4 decades now and i have never. However, in our estimation this is only a concern in frost free areas where viable seeds could be formed. Napiergrass, elephant grass pennisetum purpureum prince. In pennisetum purpureum cut every 4 or 12 weeks the cp concentrations were 98 and 61 gkg dm, respectively paterson, 1933. There are more than 100 species of pennisetum, some of which are cultivated for grain.
Mostly planted for cut and carry systems, and not for longterm grazed pastures. It is a very versatile species that can be grown under a wide range of conditions and systems. Find locations near you that offer proven winners products. Pennisetum setaceum, commonly known as fountain grass, is a popular ornamental plant and has been planted widely in areas with warm, arid climates.
Predicting nutrient values of elephant grass pennisetum purpureum using near infrared reflectance spectroscopy nirs at disneys animal kingdom. Itis taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. This c 4 grass is included in the global compendium of weeds where it is listed as an agricultural and environmental weed as well as an invasive species randall, 2012. Cenchrus purpureus schumach, also known as napier grass, elephant grass or uganda grass, is a species of perennial tropical grass native to the african grasslands. As forage matures there is an increase in the proportion of leaf sheath and flowering stem, which have a lower cp than the leaf fraction. Pennisetum purpureum being grazed in northern australia. This variety is especially dramatic in clusters, mass plantings, or along slopes. It is a rapidgrowing, clumpforming grass that produces upright arching, narrow, linear, green leaves in dense clumps growing to 46 tall. Biophysical properties and biomass production of elephant. Pennisetum synonyms, pennisetum pronunciation, pennisetum translation, english dictionary definition of pennisetum. Department of agriculture agricultural research service. Predicting nutrient values of elephant grass pennisetum. Graceful grasses vertigo pennisetum purpureum tift 8 uspp 22,254, can pbraf.201 1159 993 939 1329 795 330 72 547 54 1584 1393 997 1277 897 1489 397 1245 226 1004 12 1487 1281 77 190 702 1392 676 285 1137 485 412 525 899 581 1194 994 1081